I prepared a ppt presentation for this lesson, which you can download here.
- Intermediate and above, but could be adopted to lower levels too.
- Between 1.5 and 2 hours
- students will learn and discuss tips about learning languages more effectively
Activity #1: Lead-in
What are your language learning habits like? Look at the statements below. Do they apply to you? Why (not)?
- I watch films and TV in English.
- I’m worried that people don’t understand me when I speak English, so I prefer to stay quiet.
- I read a lot in English. Mostly news on the Internet, but sometimes books too.
- I never study English in my free time.
- I record new words, look them up in a dictionary and keep a record of them in my notebook.
- I use on-line software and apps for learning English.
- I talk a lot in English in my free time.
- I’m afraid to make mistakes when I speak or write.
- I listen for new expressions and imitate fluent speakers.
Which of the above are good and which are bad learning habits? Why? Are you a good language learner?
Activity #2: Speaking
What qualities do good language learners have in common? Discuss with your partner.
Now look at the 4 letters below. They are the first letters of four qualities that all good language learners have. Can you guess what they are?
Activity #3: Speaking
Below are the 4 qualities of MORE effective language learners. Discuss with your partner what you think they might mean.
Activity #4 Reading for gist: Read this article and check whether your ideas about the MORE qualities were correct. Then discuss with your partner: Are you a MORE learner? Which ideas could you use to become a better learner?
(Teacher’s note: please note that the students should only read the part where the MORE qualities are described. Alternatively, you could cut up the article and give one quality to each student which they later describe to each other in groups of 4. Or bluetack each quality around the room and do it as a buzz group discussion)
Activity #5: Listening
You’re going to watch a psychologist Chris Lonsdale talk about his experience learning a language. follow the instructions below.
- Watch the first part (2 -2:50)of the video. What did Chris decide to do? Where did he go? Did he succeed?
- Talk to your partner. How can adults learn a language quickly and effectively? Continue watching the video (2:50 – 3:40) to check.
- Discuss with your partner: What is your reaction to Chris’ conclusion? Is it possible to learn a language in 6 months?
- Continue watching (3:40 – 5:45). What WRONG beliefs from the past does Chris mention? Why does he mention them?
- Discuss with your partner: What are the 7 actions for rapid (fast) language acquisition (learning) will Chris talk about? Now watch the last part of the video (12:14 – 18:06) and check your predictions.
- With a partner choose 3 actions which you can apply to your language learning from next week.
Activity #6 Learning new vocabulary
Discuss with your partner:
- How many new words/phrases have you learned this week?
- Where do you normally come across new words/phrases?
- What do you do when you find a new word/phrase?
- Where and how do you write them down?
- Is it better to write down single words or whole phrases? Why?
- Do you think you’re vocabulary learning habits are effective? Why (not)? How could you improve them?
Look at the list of DOs and DONT’s for learning vocabulary. Write down any ideas which you could apply to your own learning. Have you ever made any of the mistakes from the DONT’s list?
(Teacher’s note: at this stage I usually introduce Memrise to the class. You can read more about it in this and this post. I also emphasise to them the importance of writing down chunks rather than individual words.)
Activity #7 – Practice
Read the text below. It was taken from this article. Identify minimum 3 new chunks (2-4 word phrases) and write them down in your notebook using the tips from the previous slide:
Mistakes are great! Without them, you will stay in your comfort language zone forever. We adults tend to be incredibly worried about being 100% right all the time. Forget about it. Especially at the beginning. Play with the language. Experiment. And slip up. That’s fine. Nobody’s going to laugh, get annoyed or poke fun at you. Believe me. Native speakers will be delighted that you’re trying to learn their language (especially if the language is as obscure as Polish, for instance). Focus on getting the meaning across first. But, get somebody to correct you once you feel comfortable with it. And DO pay attention to the correct version. Otherwise you might be forever repeating the basic mistakes.
(Teacher’s note: when monitoring, ensure they are actually writing down chunks, rather than individual words. Point out that the words that come before and after the unknown word are important and should also be written down. More advanced students could expand the chunks by adding other words that collocate using Ozdic.)
Look at the sample answers. Did you write down similar chunks?
- Stay in your comfort zone – not to take risks ex. My dad hates taking risks. He always stays in his comfort zone.
- Slip up – make a mistake, informal, ex. I often slip up ON spelling.
- Be delighted that – very happy, ex. I’m delighted (that) you’re all here.
- Focus on – concentrate on, ex. I found it difficult to focus on work yesterday.
- Get the meaning across – be understood, communicate ex. I make mistakes when I speak French, but I find it easy to get the meaning across.
Activity #8 Homework/Follow up
- Log in to Memrise at www.memrise.com Find a new course and learn 5 new words. For Academic English, I recommend this course and for IELTS this one. Download the app and practise on your phone. Set a daily goal, e.g. 6 thousand points.
- Read one of the articles and watch one of the videos listed below. Write down at least 3 interesting things you’d like to tell your class about next time. Write down 3 new phrases in your notebook.
- What I’ve learned from 3 polyglots – dispelling 5 language learning myths. https://teflreflections.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/what-ive-learned-from-3-polyglots-dispelling-5-language-learning-myths/
- What I’ve learned from 4 polyglots – 5 steps to language fluency https://teflreflections.wordpress.com/2014/01/21/what-ive-learned-from-4-polyglots-5-steps-to-language-fluency/
- 5 techniques to speak any language by Sid Efromovich: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-WLHr1_EVtQ
- Hacking language learning by Benny Lewis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0x2_kWRB8-A